#### How to Create a Stiff Diagram in Excel

Excel does not have a Stiff Diagram chart option in the charts. But, we can create a Stiff Diagram in Excel by using a scatter chart and a freeform diagram in the shapes tool. Tweaking a bit of the coloring of the chart will give us the perfect Stiff Diagram. Here’s how.

## Benefits of using stiff diagrams

Stiff diagrams are a type of chart that can be used to visualize data relationships and to identify trends. They are not natively available in Excel, but they can be created by using a scatter chart and a freeform diagram in the shapes tool. By tweaking a bit of the coloring of the chart, we can get the perfect stiff diagram.

Here are some of the benefits of using stiff diagrams:

• They can be used to visualize data relationships between different variables.
• They can be used to identify trends in data over time.
• They are easy to create and understand.
• They can be customized to fit the specific needs of the data being visualized.

## Creating a stiff diagram

These are a few basic steps on how to create Stiff Diagram in Excel.

Step 1: Enter the values of cations and anions. Use the anion values in the negative as shown below.

Step 2: Select 1, 3, and 5 (press Ctrl key, so select cells individually) and copy (ctrl+c).

Step 3: Right click on empty cell -> Paste special -> Transpose

Step 4: Select the data in this table (2, 3, 4)

## How to plot a stiff graph?

Step 5: Now go to Insert -> Charts -> Insert Scatter

Step 6: Now assign the data labels according to the values in the first table. Select the blue dots by clicking -> right clicking -> format data labels.

Step 7: Select a value from the cells and then provide the range of cation names.

Step 8: Format Data Labels -> Size and Properties -> Text Direction -> Rotate 90 degree

Step 9: Select free form diagram from Insert -> Shapes -> Freeform. Click on the dots to connect them into the shape below.

Step 10: Remove the gridlines. Copy the chart and paste it as an image. Then Format -> Rotate 90 degree.

To delete the point colors, right click on them and select color as white.

You can also add a horizontal axis to the chart by right-clicking -> axes -> Primary horizontal axis.

Your Stiff Diagram is ready to use.

## Advanced Techniques for Creating Stiff Diagrams

We will discuss some advanced techniques for creating stiff diagrams. These techniques can be used to create more visually appealing and informative stiff diagrams.

One technique is to use different colors for the data points and the freeform diagram. This can help to make the chart easier to read and understand. For example, you could use different colors to represent different cations or anions.

Another technique is to use different line styles for the freeform diagram. This can also help to make the chart easier to read and understand. For example, you could use solid lines for positive relationships, dashed lines for negative relationships, and dotted lines for neutral relationships.

You can also use different shapes for the freeform diagram. This can help to add visual interest to the chart. For example, you could use circles, squares, triangles, or diamonds for the shapes.

Finally, you can use different formatting options to customize the appearance of the stiff diagram. For example, you can change the font, size, and color of the text, and you can change the width and style of the lines.

By using these advanced techniques, you can create stiff diagrams that are more visually appealing and informative. This can help you to communicate your data more effectively and to reach a wider audience.

Here are some additional tips for creating effective stiff diagrams:

• Use a consistent color scheme throughout the chart.
• Make sure the text is easy to read and understand.
• Use a clear and concise title for the chart.
• Label the axes of the chart clearly.
• Use a legend to explain the different colors or shapes in the chart.
• Optimize the chart for the screen or print medium you are using.

By following these tips, you can create stiff diagrams that are both informative and visually appealing.

## Key Takeaways

• Stiff diagrams are a type of chart that can be used to visualize data relationships and to identify trends.
• Stiff diagrams can be created in Excel by using a scatter chart and a freeform diagram in the shapes tool.
• To create a stiff diagram, you need to enter the values of cations and anions, copy and paste the data, insert a scatter chart, assign data labels, rotate the data labels, insert a freeform diagram, remove the gridlines, copy and paste the chart as an image, and rotate the image.
• You can use advanced techniques to create more visually appealing and informative stiff diagrams.