How to use VLOOKUP to find a row in Excel?

VLOOKUP is an Excel function that allows you to search for a value in a table and return a corresponding value in the same row. To use VLOOKUP to find a row in Excel, you can follow these steps:

  1. Ensure that your data is organized in a table with column headers.
  2. Determine which column you will use to search for the value (this will be the "lookup column").
  3. Decide which value you want to search for in the lookup column.
  4. In a cell where you want to display the result of the VLOOKUP function, type the formula "=VLOOKUP(lookup_value,table_array,col_index_num,range_lookup)".
  5. Replace "lookup_value" with the value you want to search for, "table_array" with the range of cells that contains your data (including column headers), and "col_index_num" with the number of the column that contains the value you want to return.
  6. If you want to search for an exact match, set "range_lookup" to FALSE. If you want to search for an approximate match, set "range_lookup" to TRUE.

Here's an example: Let's say you have a table that lists the names of employees and their salaries. You want to find the row that contains the information for "John Smith". The formula would look like this:

=VLOOKUP("John Smith", A2:B6, 2, FALSE)

In this formula, "John Smith" is the lookup_value, A2:B6 is the table_array (assuming the table starts in cell A2 and ends in cell B6), 2 is the col_index_num (since the salary information is in the second column), and FALSE is the range_lookup (since you want an exact match). When you press Enter, the formula will return the salary for John Smith, which is in the same row as his name.