To explain how to create a bridge chart we are going to use dummy data. The bridge chart will show the individual components of the profit and loss. Follow the steps below to create a bridge chart:

What is Bridge Chart?

Bridge charts are very useful when you want to present different data broken down into component parts or show the cause and effect sequence as a sum of positive and negative effects. It does not matter whether you want to present the income statement broken down into main items, the number of products sold in a given period or a deviation from the plan - the use of a bridge chart will highlight the most important elements of the analysis, indicating whether a given element had a positive or negative impact on the final result.

How to insert Bridge Chart?

Enter dummy data like shown below.

data table

Now you have to create a stack flow chart. To do this click on the "INSERT" tab then click on "Insert column chart" under the Charts group. Select Stack Column.

insert stack column chart

A chart has been created but it doesn't look like a bridge chart, to change this right click on any one of the blue column (Excel will select all of the blue ones) and select "Format Data Series". A dialog box appears, where select "No fill".

format data series

To look like a bridge chart on the same dialog box in the "Series Options" tick "Gap Width" 0% ("No Gap").

series options

For even more attractive graph format the column revenue and profits by setting fill in blue. Blue color for profits and red color for losses makes your chart easier to read. Better visualisation will make your chart better for the person who will use that.

format data point

That's it! Your bridge chart is now ready.

bridge chart

Thanks to the Bridge Chart you will be able to show the causes of effect eg. sales costs as a main part of general costs or mortgage installment as a big part of your houshold budget. 

Download free Bridge Chart template here.

Further reading: 
How to create household budget?
How to calculate EMI?
Waterfall chart