In this Excel Vba tutorial article, I will explain how to use the While Wend loop in Excel VBA Code.
Loops are a powerful tool in Excel VBA that can be used to automate tasks and perform repetitive operations. One type of loop is the While Wend loop, which is used to execute a block of code as long as a certain condition is true. We use loops in Excel when we have to run several condition checks repeatedly in Excel VBA. Sometimes we use: if, end if loop which is a very simple and most used loop.
If condition then
“Process if condition is true”
Then we have a for loop if we know exactly how many times the loop must run:
For I = 1 to N
In this loop, it will run the process for a N number of times.
Now sometimes we have a certain condition, so we must keep the loop running as many times as possible till the condition is not true. Here comes the While Wend loop:
The condition is a Boolean expression that must evaluate to either True or False. If the condition evaluates to True, the block of code inside the loop will be executed. If the condition evaluates to False, the loop will end.
It will keep running till the condition is true:
It’s important to make sure that the condition in the “While” loop will eventually become false, otherwise the loop will continue to execute forever, which is known as an infinite loop.
First, the While condition is tested.
- if the condition is FALSE, the program immediately jumps to the command immediately after the word Wend
- if the condition is TRUE, then all commands inside the loop (i.e., between the words Do While and Loop) are executed.
Basic While Wend Loop example
Dim countA: countA = 100
While countA < 110 ‘ Test value of Counter.
MsgBox “The Current Value of the Counter is : ” & countA
countA = countA + 1 ‘ Increment Counter.
This loop will keep running till we have the condition true : countA value is less than 110.
So this loop will run 10 times:
Iteration1 : CountA = 100
Iteration2 : CountA = 101
Iteration3 : CountA = 102
Iteration4 : CountA = 103
Iteration5 : CountA = 104
Iteration6 : CountA = 105
Iteration7 : CountA = 106
Iteration8 : CountA = 107
Iteration9 : CountA = 108
Iteration10 : CountA = 109
For the next iteration, CountA = 110 so the condition will become false and the loop ends.
Calculating the factorial of numbers in a While Wend Loop
x = 0
y = 0
While x < 10
x = x+1
y = y*x
ActiveDocument.Content= “Factorial result of ” & x & ” = ” & y
While Wend Loop to calculate SUM in Excel.
n = InputBox(“Enter n value:”)
Dim j As Single
Dim i As Integer
i = 1
While (i <= n)
j = j + i
i = i + 1
You can also use the “Do While” loop in Excel VBA, which is similar to the “While” loop but with a slight difference in the way the condition is checked. The “Do While” loop checks the condition after the first iteration of the loop, while the “While” loop checks the condition before the first iteration of the loop.
It is important to make sure that the condition in the While Wend loop will eventually become False, otherwise the loop will continue to execute forever, which is known as an infinite loop.
Here are some additional tips for using While Wend loops:
- Use the
Do Whileloop if you want the loop to execute at least once, even if the condition is initially False.
- Use the
Exit Whilestatement to exit the loop early if the condition is met.
- Use the
Continuestatement to skip the rest of the current iteration of the loop and go to the next iteration.
- While Wend loops are used to execute a block of code as long as a certain condition is true.
- The syntax for a While Wend loop is `While condition [statements] Wend`.
- It is important to make sure that the condition in the While Wend loop will eventually become False, otherwise the loop will continue to execute forever.
- Q: What is the difference between a While Wend loop and a Do While loop?
- A: The main difference between a While Wend loop and a Do While loop is that the Do While loop checks the condition after the first iteration of the loop, while the While Wend loop checks the condition before the first iteration of the loop.
- Q: How can I avoid infinite loops?
- A: To avoid infinite loops, you need to make sure that the condition in the While Wend loop will eventually become False. You can do this by using a counter variable that is incremented or decremented each time the loop iterates.