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How to Use Address Function in Excel

In this lesson you can learn how to use ADDRESS function. The ADDRESS function in Excel returns the address of a cell based on the specified row and column numbers. This function is useful for dynamically generating cell references based on certain criteria or calculations.

What is the ADDRESS function in Excel?

Address is a function that takes three arguments:

For example, if you want to return the address of the cell in row 2 and column 3, you would use the following formula: =ADDRESS(2, 3)

This formula would return the address “$B$2”.

Syntax of the ADDRESS Function

The syntax is as follows:

ADDRESS (row_num; column_num, [abs_num], [A1], [sheet_text])

1 – (default) means the absolute reference ($A$1),

2 – row absolute, relative to the column (A$1),

3 – relative to the row, absolute for the column ($A1),

4 – relative reference (A1).

If you leave the field blank or write in the TRUE or 1, the address is created in the style of A1,

if the argument will be set to false or 0 – R1C1 style address.

How does the ADDRESS function work?

The ADDRESS function works by first converting the row and column numbers into text strings. The text strings are then concatenated together with the $ symbol to create the absolute address. If the optional Boolean value is TRUE, the address is returned as a relative address.

Examples of Address function in Excel

=ADDRESS(2,3) returns $C$2

=ADDRESS(2,3,1) returns $C$2

=ADDRESS(2,3,2) returns C$2

=ADDRESS(2,3,3) returns $C2

=ADDRESS(2,3,4) returns C2

=ADDRESS(2,3,1,TRUE) returns $C$2

=ADDRESS(2,3,1,FALSE) returns R2C3

=ADDRESS(2,3,1,TRUE,”Sheet4″) returns Sheet4!$C$2

Finding the Address of the Maximum Value in a Range

Suppose you have values in the range A1:A5 and you want to find the address of the cell with the greatest value:


Finding the Address of the Minimum Value in a Range

Similarly, to find the address of the cell with the smallest value in the range A1:A5:


The ADDRESS function is versatile and can be combined with other functions like MATCH and INDEX to dynamically reference cells based on criteria. It is particularly useful in large datasets where cell references need to be generated programmatically.

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