Doing vlookup for a range of values is also possible. Here you have an example which shows you how to deal with vlookup for a range in Excel.
Your company set the new targets of sales. If employee reached the target, he will get a bonus. The higher target is the higher bonus. Let's calculate the bonus using vlookup function.
Your formula looks like below:
C2 - here is the lookup value
A2:B6 - this is a whole range of data (table_array)
2 - number of column in the range
1 - stands for approximate match
IFNA - this function checks if there is some bonus. If not it writes $0.